Sir Henry Parkes, (born May 27, 1815, Stoneleigh, Warwickshire, England—died April 27, 1896, Sydney, Australia), a dominant political figure in Australia during the second half of the 19th century, often called the father of Australian federation.
Who started the Australian federation?
Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901, when the British Parliament passed legislation enabling the six Australian colonies to collectively govern in their own right as the Commonwealth of Australia. It was a remarkable political accomplishment that had taken many years and several referenda to achieve.
Why is Henry Parkes known as the father of Federation?
He is often referred to as the ‘father of federation’ due to his efforts advocating for the federation of the six individual colonies of Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, and Western Australia).
Who were the 4 fathers of Federation?
Founding Fathers of Federation
- Sir John William Downer (1844-1915) John Downer was born and educated in Adelaide, where he was admitted to the Bar in 1867. …
- James Henderson Howe (1839-1920) …
- Sir John Hannah Gordon (1850-1923) …
- Sir Richard Chaffey Baker (1841-1911) …
- Sir Josiah Henry Symon (1846-1934)
Who are the 5 fathers of Federation?
A set of six fact sheets to use in the classroom for investigating key figures in Australian Federation.
- Major-General Lachlan Macquarie.
- Sir Henry Parkes.
- Sir Edmund Barton.
- Alfred Deakin.
- Vida Goldstein.
- Mary Lee.
What was Australia called before Federation?
After British colonisation, the name New Holland was retained for several decades and the south polar continent continued to be called Terra Australis, sometimes shortened to Australia.
Who was involved in Federation of Australia?
Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901 when 6 British colonies—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania—united to form the Commonwealth of Australia. This process is known as Federation.
Did Henry Parkes start Federation?
Parkes delivered his famous Tenterfield Oration in 1889 which led to his instigation of a conference in 1890 and a Constitutional Convention in 1891, the first of a series of meetings that led to the federation of Australia. … He died in 1896, five years before this process was completed.
When did Henry Parkes become father of Federation?
In 1901, it became a reality. Parkes is known as the ‘Father of Federation’. His tireless championing of a united Australia brought the colonies together and set them on a course for nationhood.
Who were Henry Parkes parents?