Frequent question: When did the 1st Fleet arrived in Australia?

On May 13, 1787, the “First Fleet” of military leaders, sailors, and convicts set sail from Portsmouth, England, to found the first European colony in Australia, Botany Bay.

What was the first ship to arrive in Australia?

The First Fleet arrives in Port Jackson, 27 January 1788, by William Bradley, an officer on HMS Sirius. An engraving of the First Fleet in Botany Bay at voyage’s end in 1788, from The Voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay.

How long did it take the First Fleet to get to Australia?


After a voyage of three months the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay on 24 January 1788.

What did the First Fleet do when they arrived in Australia?

The First Fleet was the beginning of convict transportation to Australia and was followed by many other fleets of convict ships. When this ended in 1868, over 150,000 convicts had been transported to New South Wales and other Australian colonies.

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When did the Second Fleet arrive in Australia?

The Second Fleet consisted of six ships – four transport ships and two storeships arrived in Sydney Cove in 1790. Three of the transport ships carried mostly male convicts and the other transport ship, The Lady Juliana, only carried women.

What was Australia called in 1788?

After the Dutch era

Cook first named the land New Wales, but revised it to New South Wales. With the establishment of a settlement at Sydney in 1788, the British solidified its claim to the eastern part of Australia, now officially called New South Wales.

Where did the First Fleet stop on the way to Australia?

The First Fleet left Portsmouth, England on 13 May 1787. The entire journey took 252 days (a little over 8 months). From England, the fleet sailed to Australia making stops in Santa Cruz, Rio de Janeiro and Cape Town. They arrived in Botany Bay in mid-January 1788.

When did Captain Phillip arrived in Australia?

The location of Governor Arthur Phillip’s first landing and the flag-raising ceremony in Sydney Cove on 26 January 1788 has been an issue of dispute and uncertainty among historians since the 19th century.

Why was the Second Fleet called the death Fleet?

It’s no surprise the Second Fleet was known as ‘The Death Fleet. … Of 928 male convicts on Neptune, Scarborough and Surprize, 26 per cent died on the voyage and nearly 40 per cent were dead within months of their arrival in the colony. This shocking mortality rate was nearly ten times that of the First Fleet voyage.

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What was Sydney called in 1788?

From 1788 to 1900 Sydney was the capital of the British colony of New South Wales. An elected city council was established in 1840. In 1901, Sydney became a state capital, when New South Wales voted to join the Australian Federation.

Who first landed on Australia?

While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.

How many babies were born on the First Fleet?

It is estimated there were about 50 children on the First Fleet when it arrived at Botany Bay. Over 20 children were born at sea during the eight-month voyage.

When did the 3rd Fleet arrive in Australia?

The Mary Ann was a 1791 arrival. The next ship to arrive just over three weeks later, on 1 August 1791, was Matilda.

Ships of the Third Fleet.

Ship Matilda
Dep. England 27 Mar 1791
Arr. Sydney 1 Aug 1791
Duration 127 days
Male convicts: arrived [deaths] (boarded) 225 [25] (250)

Was there a fourth fleet to Australia?

The fourth Fleet is an unofficial term for the flow of convict ships from England to Australia in 1792.

Where is the 1st Fleet located?

SECNAV Braithwaite speculated that the new fleet could be headquartered in Singapore or Western Australia.

United States First Fleet
Branch United States Navy
Part of United States Pacific Fleet
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