On 12 December 1817, Governor Lachlan Macquarie recommended to the British Colonial Office that the “Australia” be adopted as the name of the continent still being referred to as New Holland. Finally, in 1824, the British Admiralty agreed that the continent should be officially called Australia.
When was Australia first referred to as Australia?
It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today. He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803, and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804.
How did Australia get the name Australia?
The name Australia (pronounced /əˈstreɪliə/ in Australian English) is derived from the Latin australis, meaning “southern”, and specifically from the hypothetical Terra Australis postulated in pre-modern geography.
What was Australia known as before Australia?
After British colonisation, the name New Holland was retained for several decades and the south polar continent continued to be called Terra Australis, sometimes shortened to Australia.
Was Antarctica called Australia?
Integral to the story of the origin of Antarctica’s name is that it was not named Terra Australis—this name was given to Australia instead, because of the misconception that no significant landmass could exist further south.
What did the aboriginals call Australia?
The Aboriginal English words ‘blackfella’ and ‘whitefella’ are used by Indigenous Australian people all over the country — some communities also use ‘yellafella’ and ‘coloured’.
Why is Australia referred to as Oz?
When Aus or Aussie, the short form for an Australian, is pronounced for fun with a hissing sound at the end, it sounds as though the word being pronounced has the spelling Oz. … Hence Australia in informal language is referred to as Oz.
Who discovered Australia first?
While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.
Who ruled Australia before the British?
Aboriginal Australians first arrived on the Australian mainland by sea from Maritime Southeast Asia between 50,000 and 65,000 years ago, and penetrated to all parts of the continent, from the rainforests in the north, the deserts of the centre, and the sub-Antarctic islands of Tasmania and Bass Strait.
Was Australia settled or invaded?
In respect to the Aboriginal community, [“invasion”] is something that is very important and needs to be used. Australia was not settled by the common law but by the rules and disciplines of war.
What happened to the aboriginal land when the British came?
Aboriginal peoples lived in Australia for thousands of years before Europeans arrived. They suffered greatly as a result of the arrival of the British in Australia. … Settlers often killed Aborigines who trespassed onto ‘their’ land. Many Aborigines moved to the towns to try and make a living.
Did Chinese discover Australia?
Who were the modern discoverers of Australia? … You see in the 1420s Australia’s west and east coasts were visited and charted by the Chinese. In fact in a great surge of navigation and discovery the Chinese mapped much of the world in the 1420s.
Who gave the name Australia?
The name Australia derives from Latin australis meaning southern, and dates back to 2nd century legends of an “unknown southern land” (that is terra australis incognita). The explorer Matthew Flinders named the land Terra Australis, which was later abbreviated to the current form.
What is the official name of Australia?
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world’s sixth-largest country.
What is the nickname for Australia and New Zealand?
Oceania has traditionally been divided into four parts: Australasia (Australia and New Zealand), Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.