Above all, he left no doubt that the Australian continent was a single landmass. Appropriately, Flinders urged that the name Australia replace New Holland, and this change received official backing from 1817.
When did New Holland become Australia?
On 12 December 1817, Governor Lachlan Macquarie recommended to the British Colonial Office that the “Australia” be adopted as the name of the continent still being referred to as New Holland. Finally, in 1824, the British Admiralty agreed that the continent should be officially called Australia.
Why was Australia referred to as New Holland?
After Dutch navigators charted the northern, western and southern coasts of Australia during the 17th Century this newly found continent became known as ‘New Holland’. … He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803, and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804.
What was Australia originally called?
Australia, once known as New South Wales, was originally planned as a penal colony. In October 1786, the British government appointed Arthur Phillip captain of the HMS Sirius, and commissioned him to establish an agricultural work camp there for British convicts.
When was Terra Australis changed to Australia?
In the early 1800s, British explorer Matthew Flinders popularized the naming of Australia after Terra Australis, giving his rationale that there was “no probability” of finding any significant land mass anywhere more south than Australia.
What was Australia called in 1788?
After the Dutch era
Cook first named the land New Wales, but revised it to New South Wales. With the establishment of a settlement at Sydney in 1788, the British solidified its claim to the eastern part of Australia, now officially called New South Wales.
Was New Zealand attached to Australia?
Today’s New Zealand landmass originated from a marginal sliver of the Southern Hemisphere supercontinent Gondwana. … Eighty million years ago, the landmass that was to become New Zealand, broke away from Gondwana, splitting away from Australia and Antarctica as the Tasman Sea opened up.
Why is Australia not Dutch?
In a documentary I saw last week, they said: “the Dutch had been exploring the West Coast of Australia for close to 200 years, landed there a couple of times, but because that part is desert with almost no water, they deemed it unworthy for colonizing and also never claimed it.”
Who ruled Australia before the British?
Aboriginal Australians first arrived on the Australian mainland by sea from Maritime Southeast Asia between 50,000 and 65,000 years ago, and penetrated to all parts of the continent, from the rainforests in the north, the deserts of the centre, and the sub-Antarctic islands of Tasmania and Bass Strait.
What would have happened if the Dutch Colonised Australia?
The result would have been an influx of mainly Indonesians into West Australia, followed by white settlers from South Africa taking with them a few black people. A kind of mixed people but not too many. But most of the Aboriginals would have moved to the North and East.
Why is Australia called Oz?
When Aus or Aussie, the short form for an Australian, is pronounced for fun with a hissing sound at the end, it sounds as though the word being pronounced has the spelling Oz. … Hence Australia in informal language is referred to as Oz.
What is the most common boy name in Australia?
The top 10
Why is Australia called Oceania?
Most of Australia and Oceania is under the Pacific, a vast body of water that is larger than all the Earth’s continental landmasses and islands combined. The name “Oceania” justly establishes the Pacific Ocean as the defining characteristic of the continent.
What did James Cook call Australia?
Lieutenant James Cook, captain of HMB Endeavour, claimed the eastern portion of the Australian continent for the British Crown in 1770, naming it New South Wales.
Van Diemen’s Land and Bass Strait
In 1798 Governor John Hunter gave Flinders, now a lieutenant, command of the sloop Norfolk and in this he and Bass circumnavigated Van Diemen’s Land, proving it to be an island.
Was Antarctica called Australia?
Integral to the story of the origin of Antarctica’s name is that it was not named Terra Australis—this name was given to Australia instead, because of the misconception that no significant landmass could exist further south.