Albany was the first European settlement established in Western Australia. It was settled three years before the Swan River Colony — now known as Western Australia — was claimed in 1829. The Swan River Settlement was later named ‘Perth’ and became Western Australia’s capital city.
What did Western Australia used to be called?
Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the western 32.9 percent of the land area of Australia excluding external territories.
|Established (as the Swan River Colony)||2 May 1829|
|Responsible govt. as Colony of Western Australia||21 October 1890|
What was Perth originally called?
Following this encounter, they sailed north, but not before de Vlamingh had bestowed the name Swan on the river because of the black swans he saw swimming there. Just over 100 years later, in 1829, Captain James Stirling founded Perth as part of the Swan River Colony.
What was Australia originally going to be called?
Australia, once known as New South Wales, was originally planned as a penal colony. In October 1786, the British government appointed Arthur Phillip captain of the HMS Sirius, and commissioned him to establish an agricultural work camp there for British convicts.
What was Australia called before the white man came?
Australia before the invasion was comprised of 200-300 autonomous language groups that were usually referred to as ‘tribes’, now more often as ‘peoples’, ‘nations’ or ‘language groups’. The nations of Indigenous Australia were, and are, as separate as the nations of Europe or Africa.
How did Perth get its name?
Stirling soon realised that the soil on the coast was not suited to agriculture. He decided to establish two towns in the new settlement: a commercial port at Fremantle and a capital – which he named Perth after the Scottish city – about 19 kilometres up the Swan River.
What is the oldest town in Western Australia?
York is the oldest inland European settlement in Western Australia, originally established to grow cereal crops to feed the Swan River Settlement in 1829. The town is listed as a Heritage Precinct due to the significant number of historic buildings throughout the township.
When was Perth established?
The first European to sight Western Australia was the Dutch explorer, Dirk Hartog, the first European to suggest to have found a continent there, who on 26 October 1616 landed at what is now known as Cape Inscription, Dirk Hartog Island.
What was Australia called in 1788?
After the Dutch era
Cook first named the land New Wales, but revised it to New South Wales. With the establishment of a settlement at Sydney in 1788, the British solidified its claim to the eastern part of Australia, now officially called New South Wales.
When was Australia officially named Australia?
On 12 December 1817, Governor Lachlan Macquarie recommended to the British Colonial Office that the “Australia” be adopted as the name of the continent still being referred to as New Holland. Finally, in 1824, the British Admiralty agreed that the continent should be officially called Australia.
Was Australia settled or invaded?
In respect to the Aboriginal community, [“invasion”] is something that is very important and needs to be used. Australia was not settled by the common law but by the rules and disciplines of war.
Was anyone in Australia before the aboriginal?
It is true that there has been, historically, a small number of claims that there were people in Australia before Australian Aborigines, but these claims have all been refuted and are no longer widely debated. The overwhelming weight of evidence supports the idea that Aboriginal people were the first Australians.
Who inhabited Australia before Aboriginal?
The islands were settled by different seafaring Melanesian cultures such as the Torres Strait Islanders over 2500 years ago, and cultural interactions continued via this route with the Aboriginal people of northeast Australia.
How did the first Aboriginal get to Australia?
Humans are thought to have migrated to Northern Australia from Asia using primitive boats. A current theory holds that those early migrants themselves came out of Africa about 70,000 years ago, which would make Aboriginal Australians the oldest population of humans living outside Africa.