What happened in 1830s in Australia?
In 1830 a smallpox epidemic spread among Aboriginal groups in the interior. When the British arrived in 1788, Indigenous Australians had no resistance to diseases such as smallpox, measles, influenza and tuberculosis. These diseases were passed from contact with people using the trade routes between towns and ports.
What happened in the mid 1830s?
May 30, 1830: The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson. The law led to the relocation of Indigenous peoples which became known as the “Trail of Tears.” June 26, 1830: King George IV of England died and William IV ascended to the throne.
What happened in the 1840s in Australia?
During the 1840s, transportation of convicts to the east coast of Australia ended. This signified a change in status from a penal colony to a free society. … South Australia also became a Crown colony during the 1840s, thus losing its semi-independent status.
Who settled Australia in the 1800’s?
On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.
What was the first Australian state?
The first colonies of the British Empire on the continent of Australia were the penal colony of New South Wales, founded in 1788, and the Swan River Colony (later renamed Western Australia), founded in 1829.
Who ruled Australia before the British?
Aboriginal Australians first arrived on the Australian mainland by sea from Maritime Southeast Asia between 50,000 and 65,000 years ago, and penetrated to all parts of the continent, from the rainforests in the north, the deserts of the centre, and the sub-Antarctic islands of Tasmania and Bass Strait.
What war happened in 1830?
The French Revolution of 1830 was also known as the July Revolution, Second French Revolution or Trois Glorieuses in French. It saw the overthrow of King Charles X, the French Bourbon monarch, and the ascent of his cousin Louis-Philippe, Duke of Orléans (who would in turn be overthrown in 1848).
Who was president in 1830s?
On May 28, 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, which gave the President additional powers in speeding the removal of American Indian communities in the eastern United States to territories west of the Mississippi River.
What was life like in the 1810s?
Between the 1780s and 1810s, 96 percent of all Americans lived in rural settings and farmed the land. The most established farms were within the original thirteen states, east of the Appalachian Mountains. The land west of the Appalachians and east of the Mississippi River was the American frontier.
When was the first depression in Australia?
The depression of the early 1840s precipitated the first wave of bank failures seen in Australia. Although six banks failed (and one merchant company abandoned its banking operations), they were relatively small, and in most cases depositors fully recouped their funds.
What was the Eureka Stockade and why was it so important?
Eureka Stockade, rebellion (December 3, 1854) in which gold prospectors in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia—who sought various reforms, notably the abolition of mining licenses—clashed with government forces. The Eureka Stockade was the most-celebrated rebellion in Australian history. …
What happened in the Gold Rush Australia?
On February 12, 1851, a prospector discovered flecks of gold in a waterhole near Bathurst, New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Soon, even more gold was discovered in what would become the neighboring state of Victoria. This began the Australian Gold Rush, which had a profound impact on the country’s national identity.
What major events happened in the 1800s in Australia?
Significant Events in Australia in 1800’s
- Period: May 2, 1788 to May 3, 1932. Frontier Conflict. …
- Jul 2, 1788. Frontier Conflict. …
- May 2, 1829. New Australian Colonies. …
- May 2, 1844. Caroline Chisholm. …
- May 2, 1850. John and Elizabeth Macarthur. …
- May 2, 1851. Gold Rush. …
- May 2, 1854. First Steam Railway. …
- Dec 3, 1854. Eureka Stockade.
What was Australia called in 1788?
After the Dutch era
Cook first named the land New Wales, but revised it to New South Wales. With the establishment of a settlement at Sydney in 1788, the British solidified its claim to the eastern part of Australia, now officially called New South Wales.
What happened in the 1800s in Australia?
Events. 26 April – William Balmain receives a land grant on the east side of Cockle Bay. 26 June – Major Joseph Foveaux is appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Norfolk Island. 16 July – Richard Johnson and Samuel Marsden open a church school in Kissing Point (Ryde).