The Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union meant that nuclear war was a real threat and some people saw Australia as a safe place to live. Between 1945 and 1965 more than two million migrants came to Australia. Most were assisted: the Commonwealth Government paid most of their fare to get to Australia.
Why did British immigrants come to Australia after ww2?
These ‘Ten Pound Poms’, as they became known (82% were English) were mostly from an urban background (Jupp, 2004) and were motivated by various factors: to escape post-war austerity, to take advantage of a warmer climate and an outdoor lifestyle, or to fulfil a sense of adventure.
Why did the British move to Australia?
Thousands of other British settlers also migrated to Australia. They were attracted by the easily available land (which led to conflict with the aborigines). They could make a living raising sheep or by catching seals and whales. In 1826 settlers began colonising Western Australia.
Who migrated to Australia 1945?
Australia began accepting migrants from more than 30 European countries, including: the Netherlands, Australia, Belgium, Spain and West Germany. The largest national groups to arrive, after the British, were Italian and Greek.
When did the British move to Australia?
On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.
What is the 1945 populate or perish program?
The Australian Government also sent officers to select people from the camps to migrate to Australia. … The slogan ‘populate or perish’ was used to help the Australian population to accept this large intake of migrants.
What was it like for the British people before they migrated to Australia?
English immigrants have been the largest group to migrate to Australia since the establishment of New South Wales as the first penal colony in 1788. … Many more English immigrants were lured to Victoria by the gold rush of the 1850s. By 1854 there were 97,943 England-born people in Victoria.
Why people migrate to Australia?
A low population level, with little pollution and fresh air available. Considering having the great natural landscapes and beautiful scenery, are the reasons which make people choose this country as their home. Australians are known for their laid-back lifestyle.
Why was migration necessary for Australia as well as for immigrants?
Australia’s immigration policies have evolved over those 65 years from focussing on attracting migrants, primarily from the United Kingdom, for the purpose of increasing Australia’s population to a focus on attracting workers and temporary (skilled) migrants in order to meet the skilled labour needs of the economy.
Why did immigration to Australia become difficult in the 1970s?
For decades, migration into Australia was heavily restricted by The Immigration Restriction Act 1901. The Act discouraged non-Anglo-Saxon migrants and became known as the White Australia Policy. It included a dictation test in any European language.
What did the British do to the Aboriginal?
The English settlers and their descendants expropriated native land and removed the indigenous people by cutting them from their food resources, and engaged in genocidal massacres.
Was Australia settled or invaded?
In respect to the Aboriginal community, [“invasion”] is something that is very important and needs to be used. Australia was not settled by the common law but by the rules and disciplines of war.
What happened when the British arrived in Australia?
In 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip and 1,500 convicts, crew, marines and civilians arrived at what is now called Sydney Cove. In the 10 years that followed, it’s estimated that the First Nations population was reduced by 90%. Three main reasons for this dramatic population decline were the: introduction of new diseases.